Coton de Tuléar


De Coton de Tuléar is één van de zes rassen die tot de Bichon-groep behoren. Hij bezit dus ook de charme en hartelijkheid die deze rassen kenmerken. Hij heeft een schouderhoogte die varieert tussen de 22 en 32 cm en een gewicht van gemiddeld 5 kg.

Daarbij is hij enorm energiek, speels en pienter en alleen hierom al wordt hij vaak gekozen door gezinnen met kinderen. Het is zalig om te zien hoe leuk kinderen en Cotons met elkaar spelen. De Coton is hierbij zeker niet kleinzerig en kan zich bijvoorbeeld urenlang vermaken met het apporteren van een balletje.


Ook met andere huisdieren kan de Coton het prima vinden. In huis is de Coton vrij rustig, alhoewel hij waakt als de beste. Gelukkig zijn het geen keffertjes en zullen ze (mits goed opgevoed) al snel hun mond weer houden.


Het uiterlijk van de Coton spreekt veel mensen aan, doordat het nog zo ongekunsteld is. Geen knip-, trim- of strikjeswerk. De lange vacht moet natuurlijk wel heel secuur geborsteld en gekamd worden om klitten te voorkomen. Doordat het een enkele vacht is kent de Coton geen verharingsperiode. U zult dan ook alleen haren vinden in de borstel, en niet op de vloer.


De vacht is wit, soms met wat gekleurde vlekjes, die later geheel of gedeeltelijk vervagen en soms zelfs verdwijnen. Hij wil wel graag regelmatig in bad, dat is nodig om de vacht mooi wit te houden.


De donkere ogen, met hun ondeugende uitdrukking, zijn zwart of donkerbruin omlijnd. Ook de rest van de pigmentatie is zo gekleurd. De staart wordt bij het lopen vrolijk over de rug gedragen en is de graadmeter van hun humeur. Als zij rust nemen is de staart ook in rust.


De Coton de Tuléar is afkomstig uit Madagaskar. Het werd in 1971 als ras erkend. De naam "Coton" kreeg het omdat de vacht leek op een vruchtpluis van de katoenplant en "de Tuléar" verwijst naar de landstreek op Madagaskar waar de hond in de vrije natuur voorkwam. De Coton de Tuléar bereikte West Europa in 1975.


VFR Coton de Tuléar
per 1-1-2018
VFR Coton de Tulear 01-01-2018nw.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document 996.3 KB



FCI-Standard N° 283 / 04. 02. 2000 / GB



TRANSLATION : Mrs. Pamela Jeans-Brown, Mrs.Renée Sporre-Willes, Mr. Raymond Triquet.


ORIGIN : Madagascar.






UTILIZATION : Companion dog.


CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs. Section 1.2 Coton de Tuléar.

Without working trial.


BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : Introduced to France long before its official recognition in 1970, this newcomer from Madagascar quickly acquired a prominent position amongst the companion dogs of this country; today it is widespread all over the world.


GENERAL APPEARANCE : Small, long-haired, companion dog with a white cotton textured coat, with round, dark eyes and a lively, intelligent expression.




• The height at the withers in relationship to the length of the body is 2 to 3.


• The length of the head in relationship to that of the body is 2 to 5.


• The length of the skull in relationship to that of the muzzle is 9 to 5.


BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Of a happy temperament, stable, very sociable with humans and with other dogs; it adapts perfectly to all ways of life. The temperament of the Coton de Tuléar is one of the main characteristics of the breed.

HEAD : Short, seen from above triangular.



Skull : Seen from the front slightly rounded; rather wide in relation to its length. Superciliary arches only slightly developed. Slight frontal groove. Occipital protuberance and crest only slightly accentuated. Well developed zygomatic arches.

Stop : Slight.



Nose : In the extension of the nasal bridge; black; brown is tolerated; nostrils wide open.

Muzzle : Straight.

Lips : Fine, tight, of the same colour as the nose.

Jaws/Teeth : Teeth well aligned. Scissor bite, pincer bite or inverted bite without losing contact. The absence of the PM1 is not penalised; the M3s are not taken into consideration.

Cheeks : Lean.

Eyes : Rather rounded, dark, lively, wide apart; the rims of the eyelids are well pigmented with black or brown according to the colour of the nose.

Ears : Pendulous, triangular, high set on the skull, fine at the tips; carried close to the cheeks, reaching the corners of the lips. Covered with white hairs or with some traces of light grey (mixture of white and black hairs giving a light grey appearance) or red-roan (mixture of white and fawn hairs giving a red-roan appearance - lemon).


NECK : Well muscled, slightly arched. Neck well set into shoulders. Proportion of neck to body = 1/5. Clean neck with no dewlap.


BODY : Topline very slightly convex. Dog longer than high.

Withers : Only slightly pronounced.

Back and loin : Strong back, topline very slightly arched. Loin well muscled.

Croup : Oblique, short and muscled.

Chest : Well developed, well let down to elbow level, long. Ribs well sprung.

Belly : Tucked up but not excessively.


TAIL : Low set, in the axis of the spinal column.

• At rest : carried below the hock, the tip being raised.

• On the move : Carried « gaily » curved over the back, with the point towards the nape, the withers, the back or the loin. In dogs with abundant coat, the tip may rest on the dorsal-lumbar region.




FOREQUARTERS : The frontlegs are upright.

Shoulder and upper arm : Oblique shoulder, muscled. Scapulo-humeral angle about 120°. The length of the upper arm corresponds approximatively to that of the shoulder blade.

Lower arm : Lower arms vertical and parallel, well muscled, with good bone. The length of the lower arm corresponds approximatively to that of the upper arm.

Carpus (Pastern joint) : A continuation of the line of the lower arm.

Metacarpals (Pastern) : Strong, seen in profile sloping very slightly.

Forefeet : Small, round, toes tight, arched; pads pigmented.


HINDQUARTERS : The hindlegs are upright. Though dewclaws are not sought after, their presence is not penalised.

Upper thigh : Strongly muscled; coxo-femoral angle about 80°.

Lower thigh : Oblique, forming with the femur an angle of about 120°.

Hock joint : Dry, well defined, angle of the hock about 160°.

Metatarsals (Rear pasterns): Vertical.

Hind feet : Similar to forefeet.


GAIT / MOVEMENT : Free and flowing, without covering a lot of ground; topline retained on the move. No sign of uneven movement.


SKIN : Fine, stretched tight over all the body; although of pink colour, it can be pigmented.




HAIR : This is one of the main characteristics of the breed from which its very name derives. Very soft and supple, with the texture of cotton, never hard or rough, the coat is dense, profuse and can be very slightly wavy.


COLOUR : Ground colour : White. A few slight shadings of light grey colour (mixture of white and black hairs) or of red-roan (mixture of white and fawn hairs), are permitted on the ears. On the other parts of the body, such shadings can be tolerated, if they do not alter the general appearance of white coat. They are however not sought after.



Height at withers :

Males : 26-28 cm, tolerance of 2 cm above and 1 cm below.


Females : 23-25 cm, tolerance of 2 cm above and 1 cm below.


Weight :

Males : From 4 kg to a maximum of 6 kg.

Females : From 3,5 kg to a maximum of 5 kg.


FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.



• Skull : Flat or too domed, narrow.

• Muzzle : Disproportion between skull and muzzle.

• Eyes : Light, too almond shaped; entropion, ectropion, prominent eyes.

• Ears : Too short, with insufficient length of hair; ears folding backwards (rose ear).

• Neck : Too short, too stuffy in shoulder, too slender.

• Topline : Too arched, sway backed.

• Croup : Horizontal, narrow.

• Shoulder : Straight.

• Limbs : Turned inwards or outwards; out at elbows; hocks wide set or too close; straight angulations.

• Hair : Too short, too wavy, curly.

• Pigmentation : Partially lacking or too light pigmentation of eyelids or lips; discoloured nose, with unpigmented areas.



Aggresive or overly shy.


General type :


• Lack of type (insufficient breed characteristics which means that the animal on the whole does not sufficiently resemble other examples of the breed).


• Size and weight outside the requirements and tolerance of the standard.


Particular points :

• Foreface : Bridge of nose convex.

• Eyes : Bulging, with signs of dwarfism; too light; wall eyes.

• Ears : Pricked or semi-pricked.

• Tail : Not reaching to hock; high set, completely curled (forming a tight ring); carried flat on the back or against the thighs; carried candle like; tailless.

• Hair : Atypical, rightly curled, woolly, silky.

• Colour : Heavily marked; any marking of a definite black.

• Pigmentation : Total lack of pigment on eyerims, nose or lips.


Anomalies :

• Overshot or undershot mouth with lack of contact between the incisors; vertical gaping of the incisors.

• Absence of teeth other than the PM1 or the M3s.

• Aggressive or extremely shy specimen.


Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.